A practiced editor gives advice to have your projects posted in a journal that is international
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 June 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of the researcher sharing their experience and will not express Elsevier’s policy. Nonetheless, as a result to your feedback, we worked with him to upgrade this post therefore it reflects our practices. For instance, we have worked extensively with researchers to raise visibility of non-English language research since it was published. – July 10, 2019
Enhance: as a result to your feedback, we now have reinstated the first text it was revised so you can see how. – July 11, 2019
Simple tips to prepare a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this monthly show, Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their considerable back ground as a writer, reviewer and editor to provide suggestions about planning the manuscript (author’s view), the assessment procedure (reviewer’s view) and exactly just what there is certainly to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article is the 2nd when you look at the show. The article that is first: “Six activities to do before composing your manuscript.”divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, an extensive research center in the Basque Country in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he had been also Head of this Department of Oceanography and Head associated with Marine Management region. Their primary subject of research is marine ecology, and contains posted a lot more than 270 efforts, from where 150 have been in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long job of 32 many years of research. During this period he’s got examined in numerous topics free online plagiarism checker and ecosystem elements, having a sufficient and view that is multidisciplinary of research.
Find out more about their work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
You checklist when you organize your manuscript, the first thing to consider is that the order of sections will be very different than the order of items on.
A write-up starts using the Title, Abstract and keyword phrases.
This article text follows the IMRAD format, which responds to your relevant concerns below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did you will do it?
- Techniques: exactly just How did it is done by you?
- Outcomes: exactly What do you will find?
- Discussion: So what does it all mean?
The primary text is accompanied by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
Although this could be the posted framework, but, we frequently make use of a various order when writing.
Procedures to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the figures and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcomes.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the Results and Discussion before composing the introduction. Simply because, in the event that conversation is inadequate, how will you objectively prove the clinical need for your work with the introduction?
- Write a definite summary.
- Compose a compelling introduction.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a concise and descriptive Title.
- Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Jot down the Recommendations.
Upcoming, I’ll review each step of the process in detail. But before you attempted to compose a paper, there’s two essential things you ought to accomplish that will set the groundwork for your procedure.
- This issue become examined must be the issue that is first be fixed. Determine your theory and objectives (These goes in the Introduction.)
- Review the literary works associated with this issue and choose some documents (about 30) that may be cited in your paper (These will soon be placed in the recommendations.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher possesses its own design tips and choices, therefore constantly consult the publisher’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Understand that “a figure is really worth a thousand terms.” Ergo, pictures, including numbers and tables, will be the many efficient option to provide your outcomes. Important computer data will be the force that is driving of paper, so that your pictures are critical!
How will you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables provide the real experimental outcomes, while numbers in many cases are used for comparisons of experimental outcomes with those of past works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your decision is, no pictures should replicate the given information described somewhere else within the manuscript.
Another important aspect: figure and dining table legends needs to be self-explanatory (Figure 2).
Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! To the end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), using only 3 or 4 information sets per figure; use well-selected scales.
- Think about appropriate axis label size
- Add symbols that are clear information sets which can be an easy task to differentiate.
- Never ever include long bland tables ( ag e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of types and abundances). They can be included by you as additional product.
Each must have a scale marker, or scale bar, of professional quality in one corner if you are using photographs.
In photographs and numbers, utilize color only once necessary whenever publishing to a printing book. If various line designs can explain this is, never utilize colors or other effects that are thrilling you’re going to be faced with high priced costs. Needless to say, this will not apply to online journals. For a lot of journals, you’ll submit duplicate numbers: one out of color for the online form of the log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another universal problem is the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just can be utilized when time that is presenting or consecutive examples information ( ag e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). Nonetheless, if you find no connection between samples or there isn’t a gradient, you need to utilize histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too little when it comes to log. You have to just simply take this under consideration, or they may be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you have to focus on the utilization of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Action 2: Compose the techniques
This section reacts to your concern of the way the issue had been examined. When your paper is proposing a brand new technique, you will need to add detailed information so an educated audience can replicate the test.
However, usually do not duplicate the main points of founded techniques; usage recommendations and materials that are supporting suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or references that are key adequate.